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Admiral Sir Victor Alfred Trumper Smith

Admiral Sir Victor Alfred Trumper Smith  

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Overview Page
(9 May 1913–10 July 1998).Graduating from RAN College Jervis Bay (see Creswell, HMAS) as a midshipman in May 1931, Smith served first in HMAS Canberra. He specialised in the ...
Air Warfare

Air Warfare  

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Despite having given birth to the airplane in 1903, the United States was slow to explore the military applications of aviation and had effectively no air arm when war broke ...
airborne warfare

airborne warfare  

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The first concept for the use of American airborne troops occurred during World War I in 1918, when Gen. Billy Mitchell proposed a mass drop of paratroopers against German trenches ...
Alan Brooke Alanbrooke, 1st Viscount

Alan Brooke Alanbrooke, 1st Viscount  

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(1883–1963).Soldier. Chief of the imperial general staff for much of the Second World War, Brooke was the son of an Irish baronet and a member of the protestant ascendancy. After the Royal Military ...
Bernard Law Montgomery

Bernard Law Montgomery  

(1887–1976) British field marshal and Allied commander during World War II, known as Monty. Montgomery first gained fame in 1942 with his defeat of the forces of Erwin Rommel at ...
Changing Experience of Combat

Changing Experience of Combat  

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The English settlers of North America twice made principled attempts to detach themselves from the world of war altogether. Many of the Puritans who arrived in the early seventeenth century ...
Chester Wilmot

Chester Wilmot  

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(21 June 1911–10 January 1954).Wilmot was born in Brighton, Victoria, and was educated at Melbourne Grammar and the University of Melbourne (where he was influenced by Sir Ernest Scott). ...
Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel  

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History
(1891–1944)German Field Marshal. Rommel was posted to North Africa in 1941 after the collapse of the Italian offensive, and, as commander of the Afrika Korps, he deployed a series of surprise ...
Free French

Free French  

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A World War II organization of Frenchmen and women in exile. Led by General de Gaulle, it continued the war against the Axis Powers after the surrender of Vichy France in 1940. Its headquarters were ...
George Catlett Marshall

George Catlett Marshall  

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(1880–1959)US general, administrator, and diplomat, who organized the massive expansion in US armed forces during World War II and implemented the programme of economic aid to postwar Europe known as ...
George Smith Patton

George Smith Patton  

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(1885–1945)US general. In World War II Patton commanded a corps in North Africa and then the 7th Army in Sicily. He lost his command in 1944 after a publicized incident in which he hit a soldier ...
Gerd von Rundstedt

Gerd von Rundstedt  

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(1875–1953)German field-marshal who commanded his country's forces against the Allied invasion of northwest Europe in 1944.From an aristocratic Prussian family, von Rundstedt rose through the ranks ...
Henry Baynton Somer ‘Jo’ Gullett

Henry Baynton Somer ‘Jo’ Gullett  

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(16 December 1914–24 August 1999).Son of the cabinet minister and official historian Henry Gullett, ‘Jo’ Gullett was educated at the Sorbonne and Oxford University before becoming a journalist on ...
Henry Duncan Graham Crerar

Henry Duncan Graham Crerar  

(b. 28 Apr. 1888, d. 1 Apr. 1965).Canadian general Born at Hamilton (Ontario), he went to the Royal Military College of Canada, was commissioned into the artillery in 1910, and served in World War I. ...
Lieutenant John Stuart Mould

Lieutenant John Stuart Mould  

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(?1910–9 August 1957)migrated to Australia from England at the age of two, and became an architect after education at Sydney Grammar School. He enlisted in the AIF in 1940 ...
Normandy campaign

Normandy campaign  

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(June–August 1944)An Allied counter-offensive in Europe in World War II. A series of landings were made on the beaches of Normandy, France, beginning on 6 June 1944 (D-Day). Five beaches had been ...
Omar Bradley

Omar Bradley  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1893–1981)US general. In World War II he commanded a corps in the North African and Sicilian campaign. He commanded US land forces in the Normandy Campaign, and later, following the Ardennes ...
Overlord

Overlord  

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The codename (in full, Operation Overlord) for the allied invasion of German-occupied Normandy in June 1944 (D-Day).
trench warfare

trench warfare  

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A type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other.
ULTRA

ULTRA  

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In the Second World War, codename given to the project at Bletchley Park in which British crytographers broke the German Enigma code.

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