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abacus

abacus ([Ar])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
38 words

The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the ...

῾Abbasid Caliphate

῾Abbasid Caliphate   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
2,837 words
Illustration(s):
1

As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750ce in the defeat of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan

Abbasids

Abbasids ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
18 words

An Arab dynasty descended from Abbas, uncle of Muhammad, who supplanted the Umayyads in ad 750.

Abbeville, France

Abbeville, France ([Si])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
64 words

A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained by ...

Abbevillian

Abbevillian ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
40 words
Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐*Acheulian flint industries of western Europe on the basis of material from Abbeville in ... More
abbey

abbey   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
35 words
1 [De] A community of monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess. 2 [MC] A general term used to describe the buildings inhabited by a community of monks ... More
ABC Model

ABC Model ([De])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
118 words
A scheme for the cultural history of the British Iron Age first proposed by Christopher *Hawkes in 1931, but expanded and elaborated in the late 1950s as the opening paper at a conference ... More
Abejas Phase

Abejas Phase ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
58 words
Fourth main phase of activity in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico, dating to the period 4300–3000bc, marked archaeologically by the appearance of semipermanent villages of pit houses, new ... More
Abel, Félix-Marie

Abel, Félix-Marie (1878–1953)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
427 words

(1878–1953), professor

of history and geography at the École Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem from 1905 to

Abercrombie Caves

Abercrombie Caves   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
74 words

A series of limestone arch caves situated in the Central West region of New South Wales. The caves were officially

Abercromby, Lord John

Abercromby, Lord John (1841–1924)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
192 words

Scottish antiquary who specialized in the prehistory of northwest Europe. Born the 5th Baron of Aboukir and Tullibody, he served in the army from ...

Åberg, Nils

Åberg, Nils (1888–1957)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
76 words
Swedish archaeologist and scholar with wide interests in European prehistory. A pupil of Oscar Montelius and Professor of Archaeology at Stockholm University, his typological studies of ... More
Abila

Abila   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,556 words
Illustration(s):
1

city of the Decapolis, located about 15 km (9 mi.) north-northeast of Irbid in northern Jordan. Abila has an occupational

Abingdon ware

Abingdon ware ([Ar])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
40 words
A type of middle Neolithic round‐bottomed decorated pottery found in the upper Thames valley and central parts of England, one of the regional variations of the so‐called Southern ... More
aborigines

aborigines ([Ge])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
32 words

Derived from the Latin aborigine, extended to mean the original inhabitants of a country. When used as a proper noun the term usually refers to the indigenous peoples of Australia....

absolute dating

absolute dating ([De])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
128 words
General term applied to a range of techniques that provide estimates of the age of objects, materials, or sites in real calendar years either directly or through a process of calibration ... More
Abu Ḥamid, Tell

Abu Ḥamid, Tell   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,109 words
Illustration(s):
1

site located in the Jordan Valley, at 240 m below sea level, on Lisan marl deposits between two small wadis

Abu Hawam, Tell

Abu Hawam, Tell   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
504 words

10-acre mound on the Mediterranean coast near where the Kishon River empties into the bay of Haifa (map reference 151

Abu Salabikh

Abu Salabikh   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,136 words

(modern name, Ar., Tell or Īšān Abū eṣ-Ṣalābīḫ [“father of clinker”]),

city of the fourth and third millennia in southern

Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
992 words

colossal temple complex located in the northern Sudan about 200 km (186 mi.) up the Nile from Aswan (22°21′ N,

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