abacus ([Ar]) Quick reference
The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the ...
῾Abbasid Caliphate Reference library
As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750
Abbasids ([CP]) Quick reference
An Arab dynasty descended from Abbas, uncle of Muhammad, who supplanted the Umayyads in
Abbeville, France ([Si]) Quick reference
A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained by ...
Abbevillian ([CP]) Quick reference
Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in
abbey Quick reference
ABC Model ([De]) Quick reference
A scheme for the cultural history of the British Iron Age first proposed by Christopher *Hawkes in 1931, but expanded and elaborated in the late 1950s as the opening paper at a conference on the Southern British Iron Age organized by the CBA and held in London in ...
Abejas Phase ([CP]) Quick reference
Fourth main phase of activity in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico, dating to the period 4300–3000
Abel, Félix-Marie (1878–1953) Reference library
of history and geography at the École Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem from 1905 to
Abercromby, Lord John (1841–1924) Quick reference
Scottish antiquary who specialized in the prehistory of northwest Europe. Born the 5th Baron of Aboukir and Tullibody, he served in the army from ...
Åberg, Nils (1888–1957) Quick reference
Swedish archaeologist and scholar with wide interests in European prehistory. A pupil of Oscar Montelius and Professor of Archaeology at Stockholm University, his typological studies of Bronze Age, Iron Age, and migration period metalwork are fundamental to modern interpretation of European chronology and cultural groupings. The results were published in his five‐volume work ...
Abila Reference library
city of the Decapolis, located about 15 km (9 mi.) north-northeast of Irbid in northern Jordan. Abila has an occupational
Abingdon ware ([Ar]) Quick reference
A type of middle Neolithic round‐bottomed decorated pottery found in the upper Thames valley and central parts of England, one of the regional variations of the so‐called Southern Decorated series. Dates mainly to the 4th millennium ...
aborigines ([Ge]) Quick reference
Derived from the Latin aborigine, extended to mean the original inhabitants of a country. When used as a proper noun the term usually refers to the indigenous peoples of Australia....
absolute dating ([De]) Quick reference
General term applied to a range of techniques that provide estimates of the age of objects, materials, or sites in real calendar years either directly or through a process of calibration with material of known age. Such techniques rely on principles that lie outside the influence of the makers and users of the material being dated, for example ...
Abu Ḥamid, Tell Reference library
site located in the Jordan Valley, at 240 m below sea level, on Lisan marl deposits between two small wadis
Abu Hawam, Tell Reference library
10-acre mound on the Mediterranean coast near where the Kishon River empties into the bay of Haifa (map reference 151
Abu Salabikh Reference library
(modern name, Ar., Tell or Īšān Abū eṣ-Ṣalābīḫ [“father of clinker”]),
city of the fourth and third millennia in southern
Abu Simbel Reference library
colossal temple complex located in the northern Sudan about 200 km (186 mi.) up the Nile from Aswan (22°21′ N,