Abacus Reference library
Considered to be the first computer, the abacus has been used since ancient times by a number of civilizations for basic arithmetical calculations. It is still used as a reliable reckoner (and one that does not require electricity or batteries) by merchants and businesspeople in parts of Asia and Africa.
Academia Sinica Reference library
Academia Sinica is the leading academic institution of Taiwan and plays a major role in the field of Chinese studies. Its graduate program recruits students for its eleven PhD programs.
Acheson, Dean Reference library
Wilson D. Miscamble
(1893–1971) born to a privileged background, Dean Acheson attended Groton, Yale, and Harvard Law School. After a clerkship with Justice
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome in Africa: An Interpretation Reference library
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a fatal disease caused by the slow-acting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Acrobatics Reference library
Chinese acrobatics, called “variety art” (zaji) in Chinese, is one of the most widely viewed types of Chinese cultural performance. The acrobatic acts seen today are packaged for global consumption and are similar to the Western circus, but many of the acts have traditional roots and a long history unique to China.
Acupuncture Reference library
CHEN Bao-xing and Garé LeCOMPTE
Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese medical treatment that involves inserting needles at specific points in the body to release blocked qi (life energy), which results in healing. The practice is used today in China (as well as in the West) to treat diseases in nearly every branch of medicine, often in conjunction with the burning of medicinal substances and herbs.
Adams, John (1735–1826) Reference library
Leonard L. Richards
second president of the United States. As a young man in pre-Revolutionary Boston, John Adams summed up his hopes: a