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A. Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers

A. Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1827–1900) [Bi]British soldier, anthropologist, and archaeologist often regarded as the ‘father of scientific archaeology’. He was born on 14 April 1827 at Hope Hall near Bramham Park, North ...
Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr  

(1756–1836)US Democratic Republican statesman. After losing the presidential election to Jefferson in 1800, Burr was elected Vice-President. He was defeated in the contest for the governorship of New ...
abacus

abacus  

An ancient device for performing arithmetic calculations by sliding beads along rods or in grooves. Despite the spread of electronic calculators and computers, the abacus is still widely used in the ...
abacus

abacus ([Ar])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
38 words

The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the ...

῾Abbasid Caliphate

῾Abbasid Caliphate   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
2,837 words
Illustration(s):
1

As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750ce in the defeat of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan

Abbasids

Abbasids ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
18 words

An Arab dynasty descended from Abbas, uncle of Muhammad, who supplanted the Umayyads in ad 750.

Abbeville

Abbeville  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained by Boucher de Perthes and others from ad 1836 onwards and which in 1939 gave its ...
Abbeville, France

Abbeville, France ([Si])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
64 words

A gravel pit in the 45 m gravel terrace of the Somme Valley, France, from which numerous handaxes were obtained by ...

Abbevillian

Abbevillian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐Acheulian flint industries of western Europe on the basis of material from Abbeville in France. Also ...
Abbevillian

Abbevillian ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
40 words
Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐*Acheulian flint industries of western Europe on the basis of material from Abbeville in ... More
abbey

abbey   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
35 words
1 [De] A community of monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess. 2 [MC] A general term used to describe the buildings inhabited by a community of monks ... More
ABC Model

ABC Model  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]A scheme for the cultural history of the British Iron Age first proposed by Christopher Hawkes in 1931, but expanded and elaborated in the late 1950s as the opening paper at a conference on the ...
ABC Model

ABC Model ([De])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
118 words
A scheme for the cultural history of the British Iron Age first proposed by Christopher *Hawkes in 1931, but expanded and elaborated in the late 1950s as the opening paper at a conference ... More
abduction

abduction  

An inference process widely used in artificial intelligence, particularly in expert systems and rule-based systems. In diagnosis, for example, there may be a rule like “if measles then red spots” so ...
Abejas Phase

Abejas Phase  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]Fourth main phase of activity in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico, dating to the period 4300–3000bc, marked archaeologically by the appearance of semipermanent villages of pit houses, new species of ...
Abejas Phase

Abejas Phase ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
58 words
Fourth main phase of activity in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico, dating to the period 4300–3000bc, marked archaeologically by the appearance of semipermanent villages of pit houses, new ... More
Abel, Félix-Marie

Abel, Félix-Marie (1878–1953)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
427 words

(1878–1953), professor

of history and geography at the École Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem from 1905 to

Abercrombie Caves

Abercrombie Caves   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
74 words

A series of limestone arch caves situated in the Central West region of New South Wales. The caves were officially

Abercromby, Lord John

Abercromby, Lord John (1841–1924)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
192 words

Scottish antiquary who specialized in the prehistory of northwest Europe. Born the 5th Baron of Aboukir and Tullibody, he served in the army from ...

Åberg, Nils

Åberg, Nils (1888–1957)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
76 words
Swedish archaeologist and scholar with wide interests in European prehistory. A pupil of Oscar Montelius and Professor of Archaeology at Stockholm University, his typological studies of ... More

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