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urbanization

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Agricultural Marketing

Agricultural Marketing  

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Overview Page
This entry contains three subentries, overviews of regional and international trade, and a discussion of agricultural marketing boards.The marketing of agricultural produce probably goes back to the ...
anti-urbanism

anti-urbanism  

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Overview Page
An intellectual current and strand of social science writing which is critical of the city as a social form. Negative attitudes to urbanization—and the ‘pastoral myth’ of the countryside—predate the ...
Democratic Transitions

Democratic Transitions  

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Overview Page
The democratic transitions of the 1980s replicated processes that had occurred in more isolated fashion in earlier decades. Indeed, Dankwart Rustow's seminal 1970 article Transitions to Democracy: ...
Electrical Industry

Electrical Industry  

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Overview Page
A continuous current of electricity became available in 1800, when Alessandro Volta (1745–1827) described Volta's pile, which, with another arrangement called the crown of cups, were the first ...
Joseph Pulitzer

Joseph Pulitzer  

(1847–1911)Hungarian-born American newspaper proprietor. His New York World was notably aggressive in its campaigns, perhaps most notably for organized labour, and for war against Spain in the 1890s. ...
leisure

leisure  

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Overview Page
Time spent not working. In many economic models leisure is regarded as a consumption good from which utility is derived. The measurement of leisure raises questions about whether time spent ...
Richard J. Daley

Richard J. Daley  

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Overview Page
(1902–1976), mayor of Chicago.The grandson of Irish immigrants, Daley grew up in the Irish Catholic world of Chicago's South Side, attending daily mass and parochial schools. After high school ...
Robert Ezra Park

Robert Ezra Park  

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Overview Page
(1864–1944)A leading member of the Chicago School, who introduced the work of Georg Simmel to a generation of American sociologists, mainly indirectly and via the widely used textbook Introduction to ...
social area analysis

social area analysis  

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Overview Page
A variant of urban ecology associated with the work of Eshref Shevky and Wendell Bell and their associates (see especially E. Shevky and M. Williams, The Social Areas of Los Angeles, 1949, and E. ...
social order

social order  

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Overview Page
Explanations of social order, of how and why societies cohere, are the central concern of sociology. The ‘Hobbesian problem of order’, for example, preoccupied those classical sociologists faced ...
social work

social work  

The professional activity carried out by trained social workers to help individuals, groups, and communities to enhance or restore their capacity to achieve full social functioning and create ...
sociology of environment

sociology of environment  

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Overview Page
The environment is literally ‘that which environs or surrounds’, and the term is used in various ways in academic discourse. In biology and psychology, environment is frequently juxtaposed to ...
urban sociology

urban sociology  

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Overview Page
Sociological concern with urbanization began with sociology itself, for it was the rapidly growing 19th-century industrial cities that first supported those social relationships and structures which ...

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