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Agricultural Experiment Stations.

Agricultural Experiment Stations.  

By the 1880s, industrialization and urbanization in America were generating increasing demands for farm products, while the plains and western states were producing surpluses for a developing ...
Amusement Parks

Amusement Parks  

The roots of today's amusement parks date back to the 1500s, when so-called pleasure gardens began opening on the outskirts of major European cities. In addition to primitive rides, these ...
Anti-Catholic Movement.

Anti-Catholic Movement.  

Inherited from British sectarianism, anti-Catholicism became the core ingredient in the American nativist movement. Like English, Scottish, Welsh, and Irish Protestants, many Anglo-Americans ...
Baltimore, Maryland, Slavery In

Baltimore, Maryland, Slavery In  

Although it was by and large a slave city, Baltimore boasted a large free black population, which included Frederick Douglass's wife, Anna Murray, who worked for a postman on the ...
Black Abolitionists

Black Abolitionists  

Historians acknowledge the existence of “two abolitionisms” in the antebellum United States—one black, one white. Although black and white abolitionists shared similar views about the moral evil of ...
Black Family

Black Family  

The television adaptation of Alex Haley's Roots (1976), which traced the history of a black family beginning with its African progenitor, Kunta Kinte, aired to wide public acclaim in the ...
Black Migration

Black Migration  

Black migration within colonial America was a result of the demand for labor and the dynamics of white migration in the region. As the American economy grew and settlers pushed ...
Black Towns

Black Towns  

Black women have been the cultural, social, and economic support of black towns in America for centuries. There were Senegalese enclaves in Louisiana in the 1700s. In the late eighteenth ...
California

California  

It is estimated that approximately 300,000 Native Americans inhabited the area now know as California before Spanish explorers arrived in search of wealth. On September 28, 1542, an expedition led ...
Census, Federal.

Census, Federal.  

The decennial population census originated in the 1787 federal Constitution as a mechanism for determining each state's political representation in the House of Representatives and electoral college. ...
Charity Organization Movement.

Charity Organization Movement.  

The charity organization movement was a late nineteenth-century philanthropic reform that sought to bring rich and poor together even as the forces of immigration, industrialization, and urbanization ...
Chicago Fire.

Chicago Fire.  

The Chicago fire of 8–10 October 1871 is perhaps the most famous urban disaster in American history. Its exact cause is unknown, notwithstanding the legend that it was started by ...
childhood

childhood  

A variable social construction, the concept of childhood barely existed in early America. In fact, this special period of growth and development experienced before accepting adult responsibilities ...
City Planning.

City Planning.  

City planning arose early in American life. European colonizers designed St. Augustine (Spain, 1565), New Amsterdam (Holland, 1625–1626), Williamsburg (England, 1699), and New Orleans (France, 1722) ...
Confederate States of America

Confederate States of America  

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Also called the Confederacy. the eleven southern states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia) that seceded from ...
Cottagers

Cottagers  

The term cottagers refers to farm workers and their families in a labor system common during the age of gradual emancipation from 1780 to 1830 in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and ...
Courtship and Dating.

Courtship and Dating.  

Colonial Americans generally cared more about the suitability of their marriage partners than about love, which they expected to develop after marriage. As a result, couples courted publicly and ...
crime

crime  

Crime doesn't pay a US slogan particularly associated with the 1930s radio crime series The Shadow, in which it was spoken by The Shadow at the end of each broadcast, and with the cartoon detective ...
Delaware

Delaware  

An Algonquian-speaking tribe of Native Americans whose original homelands lay along the Atlantic coast where they cultivated maize. They traded with the first European arrivals in the 17th century ...
demographics

demographics  

Statistics that describe the characteristics of a population, such as age, sex, race, family size, income, and location of residence.

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