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A. Betson

A. Betson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(fl. 1751)A. Betson is known only by his sole publication, Miscellaneous Dissertations, Historical, Critical, and Moral, On the Origin and Antiquity of MASQUERADES … (1751). He is described on the ...
A. J. Ayer

A. J. Ayer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1910–1989)British philosopher, responsible for introducing the principles of logical positivism of the Vienna Circle to British philosophers. He was knighted in 1970.Born in London, Ayer was ...
A-series and B-series

A-series and B-series   Reference library

E. J. Lowe

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
151 words

These are terms introduced by J. M. E. McTaggart to describe two different ways in which events can be thought of as being ordered in ...

a-series of time

a-series of time   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
152 words
Term due to *McTaggart for the ordering of events in respect of past, present, and future. McTaggart’s proof of the unreality of time argues first, that this ordering is essential to ... More
Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr  

(1756–1836)US Democratic Republican statesman. After losing the presidential election to Jefferson in 1800, Burr was elected Vice-President. He was defeated in the contest for the governorship of New ...
Aaron, Richard Ithamar

Aaron, Richard Ithamar (1901–87)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,390 words

R. I. Aaron was born in Seven Sisters on 6 November 1901, but brought up in Ynystawe in the

ab esse ad posse valet consequentia

ab esse ad posse valet consequentia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
From the fact that something exists, it follows that it is possible.
abacus

abacus  

An ancient device for performing arithmetic calculations by sliding beads along rods or in grooves. Despite the spread of electronic calculators and computers, the abacus is still widely used in the ...
abacus

abacus   Reference library

Richard L. Gregory

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
232 words
Ancient calculating instrument in which numbers and operations (especially adding) are represented by the numbers and positions of pebbles or (later) beads on strings or wooden rods; it ... More
abandonment

abandonment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Term used by existentialists to dramatize the sense of loss that comes from realizing that there is no external source of moral authority, such as a God.
abandonment

abandonment   Reference library

Thomas Baldwin

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
146 words
A rhetorical term used by existentialist philosophers such as Heidegger and Sartre to describe the absence of any sources of ethical authority external to oneself. It suggests that one ... More
abandonment

abandonment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
29 words

Term used by *existentialists to dramatize the sense of loss that comes from realizing that there is no external source of moral authority, such as a God....

Abbagnano, Nicola

Abbagnano, Nicola (1901–90)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
113 words
*existentialist. Born in Salerno, Abbagnano studied in Naples and taught at Turin. His ‘philosophy of the possible’ condemned other existentialists for either denying human possibility ... More
‘Abbas Mahmoud al -‘Aqqad

‘Abbas Mahmoud al -‘Aqqad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1889–1964)‘Abbas Mahmoud al- ‘Aqqad was a writer, poet, historian, philosopher, journalist and translator. He was an energetic nationalist and saw himself very much as the conscience of Egypt, then ...
Abbot, Francis Ellingwood

Abbot, Francis Ellingwood (1836–1903)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,825 words

Francis Ellingwood Abbot was born in Boston, Massachusetts on 6 November 1836. Following Boston Latin School, Abbot joined the class

Abbott, Edwin

Abbott, Edwin (1838–1926)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
596 words

Edwin Abbott was born in London on 20 December 1838 and died of influenza, having been bedridden for seven years,

Abbott, Thomas Kingsmill

Abbott, Thomas Kingsmill (1829–1913)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,266 words

Thomas Kingsmill Abbott was born in Dublin on 26 March 1829 and died there on 18 December 1913. He

Abbott, Lyman

Abbott, Lyman (1835–1922)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
607 words

Abbott Lyman was born on 18 December 1835 in Roxbury, Massachusetts. Lyman graduated from New York University with a BA

Abbt, Thomas

Abbt, Thomas (1738–66)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,731 words

Thomas Abbt was born in Ulm on 17 November 1738 and died in Bückeburg on 3 November 1766. The

‘Abd al-Rahman Badawi

‘Abd al-Rahman Badawi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1917–2002)‘Abd al-Rahman Badawi was born 4 February 1917 in a village on the out-skirts of Damietta, Egypt. He studied at the University of Cairo, later teaching there and at ...

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