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Arab medicine

Arab medicine  

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Overview Page
The contribution of Arabic medicine to the evolution of medical knowledge is immense. Arab conquests in the 7th century came at a time when the Greco-Roman civilization was plunging deep ...
autopsy

autopsy  

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Overview Page
(aw-top-si)a review of the clinical history of a deceased person followed by external examination and dissection of the body and ancillary investigations (e.g. toxicology) in order to determine the ...
bodysnatcher

bodysnatcher  

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Overview Page
A person who illicitly disinterred corpses for dissection, for which there was no legal provision until 1832, a resurrection of Chancery.
books and libraries

books and libraries  

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Overview Page
The invention (c.1450) of printing from movable type was the most important factor in the development of books and libraries. Scientific and medical printed books soon became available, at first ...
buildings and the body

buildings and the body  

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Overview Page
The anthropologist Mary Douglas once remarked that, for psychologists and psychoanalysts, everything symbolizes the body; for sociologists, the body symbolizes everything else. In as much as our ...
Burke and Hare

Burke and Hare  

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Overview Page
Edinburgh's reputation for medical excellence was jeopardized in the 1820s by growing public vigilance against grave-robbing for dissection purposes. Rather than turn resurrectionists, Burke and Hare ...
cardiology

cardiology  

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Overview Page
n. the science concerned with the study of the structure, function, and diseases of the heart. See also nuclear cardiology. —cardiologist n.
diagnosis

diagnosis  

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Overview Page
n. the process of determining the nature of a disorder by considering the patient’s signs and symptoms, medical background, and – when necessary – results of laboratory tests and X-ray examinations. ...
dissection

dissection  

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Overview Page
n. the cutting apart and separation of the body tissues along the natural divisions of the organs and different tissues in the course of an operation. Dissection of corpses is carried out for the ...
education — history

education — history  

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Overview Page
The history of medical education is that of healing and of some exceptional personalities, who taught by example, and whose cumulative legacy continues in the modern medical profession. In ancient ...
hematology

hematology  

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Overview Page
The medical specialty dealing with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs.
Italy

Italy  

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Overview Page
The words choler, melancholia, and phlegm are still in use today. Pythagoras introduced them in the 6th century bc, while teaching at his famous medical school in Crotone — at ...
medicine

medicine  

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Overview Page
n. 1. the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. 2. the science or practice of nonsurgical methods of treating disease. 3. any drug or preparation used for the ...
nephrology

nephrology  

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Overview Page
n. the branch of medicine concerned with the study, investigation, and management of diseases of the kidney. See also urology. —nephrologist n.
neurology

neurology  

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Overview Page
n. the study of the structure, functioning, and diseases of the nervous system (including the brain, spinal cord, the peripheral nerves, and muscles). —neurological adj. —neurologist n.
ophthalmology

ophthalmology  

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Overview Page
n. the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. —ophthalmological adj.
patients, notable

patients, notable  

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Overview Page
A tiny number of individuals have a claim to historical immortality solely because of their medical conditions. The name of James Phipps would be entirely forgotten but for the fact ...
physiology

physiology  

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Overview Page
The branch of biology concerned with the vital functions of plants and animals, such as nutrition, respiration, reproduction, and excretion.
physiotherapy

physiotherapy  

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Overview Page
n. the branch of treatment that employs physical methods to promote healing, including the use of light, infrared and ultraviolet rays, heat, electric current, ultrasound, massage, manipulation, ...
surgery

surgery  

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Overview Page
n. the branch of medicine that treats injuries, deformities, or disease by operation or manipulation. See also cryosurgery, microsurgery. —surgical adj.

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