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Overview

anatomy

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Asaph the Physician

Asaph the Physician  

Asaph Judaeus or ‘Asaph ben Berachyahu’, pseudonym attached to the ‘Book of Remedies’ (Sepher Refuoth), considered the oldest Hebrew medical work, variously dated from the 6th to the 10th century. ...
dissection and autopsy

dissection and autopsy  

The Christianization of Europe, as it had developed by 500, arguably opened the way for future progress in anatomical study via dissection. In contrast with Hellenistic society’s distaste for contact ...
Fasciculus medicinae

Fasciculus medicinae  

(1491)Compiled by German physician Johannes de Ketham from various treatises, it was the first printed compendium of medical illustrations, coloured in some early editions. The very traditional ...
Guido da Vigevano

Guido da Vigevano  

(c.1280–after 1349) Italian physician and writer who spent much of his life serving the French royal court.Guido wrote the Texarus regis, which contains advice on maintaining the king’s health ...
gynaecology

gynaecology  

n. the study of diseases of women and girls, particularly those affecting the female reproductive system. Compare obstetrics. —gynaecological adj. —gynaecologist n.
Henri of Mondeville

Henri of Mondeville  

(c.1260–after 1325) French surgeon, famous for his Chirurgia.Though Henri planned a work to consist of five parts, some parts were never finished because of his early death. He took ...
medicine

medicine  

In the mid-fourteenth century leprosy began to disappear from Europe, but new diseases arose to take its place: plague broke out in 1347, sweating sickness in 1485, typhus in 1489 ...
Mondino da Luzzi

Mondino da Luzzi  

(c.1265–1326)Professor at Bologna whose Anathomia (1316) was termed the first work totally dedicated to anatomy. His work was extremely influential in academic circles and remained a standard text to ...
Peter of Limoges

Peter of Limoges  

(d. 1306) Parisian theologian, author of De oculo morali, a manual for preachers that puts theories of the eye and vision to work allegorically and analogically in the interest of ...
Secretum secretorum

Secretum secretorum  

The 12th century Latin translation (from Arabic) of the pseudo-Aristotelian Kitab sirr al-asrar (10th century). A book of popular wisdom, covering hygiene, health, diet, cooking, bathing, herbs, ...
sphere of life and death

sphere of life and death  

Diagram containing onomantic and astronomical information for predicting the outcome of illness, used from the early MA into the 18th century. These appear in medical and religious MSS and printed ...
surgeon

surgeon  

(serj-ŏn)a qualified medical practitioner who specializes in surgery.
William of Saliceto

William of Saliceto  

(c.1210–76×80) Italian surgeon, practising in Cremona, Milan, and Bologna.He was the teacher of Lanfranc of Milan. His Cirurgia is one of the first proponents of the 13th-century renewed interest in ...
zoology

zoology  

The study of animals (including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, insects, spiders, and molluscs) and their structures and functions. Contrast zooecology. See also botany.

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