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date: 21 September 2019


The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture
Tom Devonshire JonesTom Devonshire Jones, Linda MurrayLinda Murray, Peter MurrayPeter Murray

was the second son of *Adam and Eve and was a shepherd, unlike his elder brother Cain, who was a tiller of the soil. Abel's offering of lambs as a sacrifice to God was accepted and Cain's, of the fruits of the earth, rejected (Gen. 4: 1–17). Genesis does not say why Cain's offering was rejected, but what God said implies that his offering had been inferior, or he himself unworthy—‘sin is lurking at the door’. Out of jealousy, Cain murdered his brother—traditionally, with the jawbone of an ass—and Abel's blood cried out to Heaven. Christ Himself referred to ‘righteous Abel’ (Matt. 23: 35) and Abel was seen by the ... ...

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