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date: 15 October 2019

Adam and Eve 

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture
Tom Devonshire JonesTom Devonshire Jones, Linda MurrayLinda Murray, Peter MurrayPeter Murray

were, according to the first book of the OT of the Bible, the first humans, created directly by God (Gen. 1–4). Gen. 2: 7 tells how God formed man from the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the ‘breath of life’, to make him live. God then decided to give Adam a companion: vv. 21–2 tell how God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and as he slept He took one of his ribs and made it into a woman. God did not name the man and woman ‘Adam and Eve’; the names are said to derive from the Heb. for ‘earth’ and ‘life’, and Adam named her because she was the mother of mankind. They have been venerated as saints, especially in the East, though never formally so in the West; Christ is considered to be the ‘Second Adam’ and Mary the ‘Second Eve’ (cf. Rom. 5: 14; 1 Cor. 15: 45). They are also ... ...

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