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date: 19 April 2024


A Dictionary of Human Geography

Alisdair Rogers,

Noel Castree,

Rob Kitchin

A river, river basin, and tropical forest ecosystem found in South America and covering parts of Bolivia, *Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Venezuela. The region is exceedingly large (over five and a half million square kilometres), very biodiverse, and its vegetation is an important carbon sink. For these three reasons the Amazon has become a key focus for global attempts to halt environmental degradation and future climate change. Brazil, in particular, has been prevailed upon to halt further legal and illegal logging in the Amazon. Even so, remotely sensed data and information gathered in ground surveys suggests that the area of rainforest may have continued to shrink, most recently because of a major drought in 2010. However, the rate of shrinkage has been reduced, and legislation to protect forests has been passed and enforced in Brazil. Indeed, there may be some overall stabilization of the remaining forest area, although the ... ...

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