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date: 23 June 2024

racism 

Source:
A Dictionary of Human Geography
Author(s):

Alisdair Rogers,

Noel Castree,

Rob Kitchin

A set of social relations that is used to discriminate against people based on their assumed *race. Given their political power, wealth, and historical precedent, racism is usually expressed as discrimination by white populations against ‘non-white’ people. Racism can be both overt, explicitly expressed through discourse and law, and materially through forms of violence, and covert in nature, working in more implicit and subtle ways to disenfranchise people through the restriction of life opportunities. Racism was initially based on the notion that there were distinct biological differences between supposed races. As this idea has been increasingly challenged, it has been replaced by cultural racism that posits that there are cultural differences between groups that explain their relative social position, and these differences mean that they are incompatible with each other. Both biological and cultural racism is expressed spatially through processes that work to limit access and mobility and increase ... ...

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