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date: 27 May 2020


The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms

Michael Clarke

[from the ancient Greek akadēma, a gymnasium near Athens where Plato taught his pupils philosophy]An association or school of artists, scholars, etc. arranged in a professional institution. In recent times the term was first used in Italy in the early 15th century to describe meetings of literati. By the 16th century it had been adopted to describe artists' corporations which included the teaching of subjects such as drawing after antique statuary and the live model, and also the study of anatomy, geometry, perspective, history, etc. Thus painting was raised from the status of a mere craft, as had been the case with medieval artists' ... ...

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