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date: 29 May 2024

disability and morality. 

Source:
The Oxford Companion to Philosophy
Author(s):
Saladin Meckled-GarciaSaladin Meckled-Garcia

‘Disability’ principally implies permanent or long-term missing physical capacities but often includes mental capacities too. Yet, whilst we can compare the result of illness or injury to a set of capacities owned originally, it is controversial what set of capacities a person should have to begin with. One view proposes that any account will presuppose an essence or ideal type of human form and functioning, against which we can compare individuals. Individual variations, even quite significant ones, exist in all species, however. Unless one is committed to vulgar evolutionary reductionism, there is no plausible reason for according any one of these priority or value over the others.... ...

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