Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 12 April 2024

Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de 

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy
M. J. InwoodM. J. Inwood

(1743–94).French philosopher, mathematician, political theorist, and a moderate revolutionary who died in prison. He developed ‘social mathematics’, applying mathematics and probability theory to social and political affairs. He analysed complex decisions, such as an election between three candidates, where the candidate selected by a simple majority may not be preferred by the voters when they compare each candidate with every other candidate. Complex decisions should thus be reduced to a series of simple decisions and should be taken by an enlightened élite capable of such reduction. Condorcet was a feminist, arguing that women should have the same rights as men, political as well as civil, and an education enabling them to exercise their rights. His ... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.