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date: 17 April 2024

straw man fallacy. 

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy
Douglas WaltonDouglas Walton

The straw man fallacy is the tactic in argument of misrepresenting an opponent's position, making it appear more implausible, so that it can more easily be refuted, then going ahead and arguing against the imputed position as though it were really that of your opponent. For example, against an opponent who has taken a ‘green’ position, an arguer might reply that she wants to make the earth into a natural place like it was hundreds of years ago, and that therefore her argument would require the elimination of industrial production.... ...

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