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date: 19 July 2024

mind–body problem. 

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy
Jaegwon KimJaegwon Kim

The mind–body problem is the problem of giving an account of how minds are related to bodies, or how mental states and processes are related to bodily states and processes. That they are intimately related seems beyond doubt, and has not been seriously disputed. Evidently, our perceptual experiences depend on the way external physical stimuli impinge on our sensory surfaces, and, ultimately, on the processes going on in the brain; your desire for a drink of water somehow causes your body to move in the direction of the water-cooler; a bruised elbow causes you pain when it is touched, and the pain in turn causes you to groan and wince; and so on. But how do conscious experiences emerge out of the electrochemical processes in a grey mass of neural fibres? How do our beliefs and desires manage to get the appropriate neurons to fire and thereby cause the right muscles to contract? ... ...

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