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date: 14 June 2024


A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Alan Tomlinson

The sense of belonging to a people on the basis of shared ties—which can be historical, linguistic, ethnic, or any combination of these—that have a geographical or territorial basis, and that are the foundation of a nation state or provide the aspirations to form a nation state. Sport has both contributed to and underpinned such expressions of belonging. The national organization of sports and sports teams, and the prominence of the national (in individual performance as well as team performance) in international competition, show the strong relationship between nationalism and sport. Politicians have also used national and international sporting occasions to identify themselves with the wider population: examples include ... ...

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