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date: 12 July 2024


A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Alan Tomlinson

The form of organized sport, based in running, throwing, and jumping, that emerged in the 19th century in Britain and the USA (where it became known as track-and-field), and superseded traditional forms of rural-based competitive activity of comparable types. Forms of athletics existed in organized physical contests and performance in earlier and ancient societies, most notably in Greece, where regular physical contest and display, including the ... ...

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