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date: 15 June 2024


A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Alan Tomlinson

The allocation of players to playing positions and team roles on the basis of the perceived attributes—both physical and psychological—of the individual athlete, leading to the under- or over-representation of particular ethnic or racial groups in particular positions and roles. The most commented-on context is American football, in which black players are said to have been assigned to roles based on brute strength or speed, rather than roles, such as the quarterback, based on guile, decision-making, and tactical acumen. ... ...

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