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date: 14 June 2024


A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Ian Buchanan

The cultural and social world produced by and in reaction to the processes of *modernization, namely the advent of new ways of thinking (e.g. secularization) and the emergence of new technology (e.g. the steam engine). Modernity is used in two main ways in history and sociology: first, it can refer to any period of radical change, and in this sense there have been several periods of so-called modernity dating back to ancient times; second, it can refer to a very specific moment in history—but there is no general rule or agreement as to when this moment should be (other than that it should be one of the moments referred to in the first sense of the word). As ... ...

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