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date: 09 December 2019


A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Ian Buchanan

A highly politicized group of psychiatrists and psychotherapists active in London in the 1960s and 1970s who rejected traditional definitions of madness as well as the (then) standard treatments for mental illness (e.g. electro-convulsive therapy, lobotomy, anti-psychotic drugs). It viewed madness as a social construct, or more strongly as an effect of the pressures society places on certain people. It saw psychosis as a shamanistic journey by means of which people tried to express the oppressive effects of socialization. The term itself was coined by ... ...

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