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date: 08 December 2019

ABC model 

Source:
A Dictionary of Biology
Author(s):
Elizabeth MartinElizabeth Martin, Robert HineRobert Hine

A model to explain the genetic control of floral organ determination during flower development. It proposes that the four principal organs—sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels—are specified by organ identity genes belonging to three classes: A, B, and C. The organs are arranged in four concentric whorls, and their identity is determined according to which combinations of genes are expressed in each whorl. Class A genes alone specify the outermost whorl of sepals; the formation of petals depends on activation of both class A and B genes; stamens are specified by class B and C genes acting together; and the innermost whorl of carpels is determined by class C genes alone. The model was based on observations of mutant flowers in the thale cress (... ...

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