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date: 24 October 2020

organic viticulture, 

The Oxford Companion to Wine
Monty WaldinMonty Waldin

a system of grape-growing broadly defined as shunning man-made (industrially synthesized) compounds such as fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, and pesticides, as well as anything that has been ...To be described as ‘organic’, a vineyard and/or its wine (see organic wine) must have third-party certification, usually from a non-governmental organization or ‘certifier’ accredited by a ministry of agriculture or its equivalent and to criteria which are ISO 17065 (formerly ISO65) compliant. This verifies that the certifier’s standards conform to organic global baselines set by IFOAM (see above). Organic certification is granted after a three-year conversion period as wine grapes are a perennial crop (conversion takes two years for annuals such as cereals or carrots). Certification aims to protect both bona fide organic producers and consumers of organic products from anti-competitive activity or fraudulent claims. Certifiers can advise vineyard owners as to why their vineyard does not meet their standards, but cannot provide advice on which organic sprays might be best in any particular situation. Agreements in ... ...

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