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date: 02 October 2022

Alcázar, Real 

The Oxford Companion to the Garden
Patrick TaylorPatrick Taylor

Seville, Andalusia, Spain. The Real Alcázar has its origins in a stronghold built in the 9th century by Abd al-Rahman II but this in turn may possibly have been built on the foundations of a Roman praetorium. The castellated external walls that guard the estate preserve a military character to this day. The first garden known here was a kitchen garden, but under the Muslims and after the Christian Reconquest in the 13th century a series of gardens, made by Muslims, was laid out, many of which survive to make this one of the most interesting and attractive gardens in Spain. To the historian, and to the visitor, it presents a bewildering sequence of spaces and buildings. The earliest parts of the garden to survive are those to the west, close to the palace buildings, and to the south. The palace has outstanding enclosed patios some of which, such as the Patio de Yeso, with its large pool, date from the 12th century. The Palacio del Rey Don Pedro was built in the 1360s after the Castilian Reconquest of Seville. It is built in a refined intermingling of Islamic and Christian elements (the style known as ... ...

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