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date: 20 May 2024


The Oxford Companion to the Mind
J. E. TilesJ. E. Tiles

A term encompassing a variety of forms of inference, commonly, but not always, in contrast to deduction. If ‘proposition’ is defined as a thought expressible by a grammatical sentence having either prescriptive or descriptive force, ‘inference’ may be defined as a transition in thought between one or more propositions (premisses) and a further proposition (conclusion), where the premisses purport to be reasons for the conclusion. The conclusions of deductive inferences cannot be rejected without contradicting the thoughts contained in the premisses, and in this sense are already contained in the premisses. Deductive inferences were consequently classified by ... ...

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