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date: 08 December 2023

47 The History of the Book in Canada 

The Oxford Companion to the Book
Patricia Lockhart FlemingPatricia Lockhart Fleming

1 Before printing

2 1752–1840

3 1840–1918

4 1918–2000

Since printing came late to Canada, book historians turn to anthropologists and other scholars to understand its antecedents, the Aboriginal systems of cultural transmission described by European newcomers. These scholars have observed that Native peoples created pictorial records of hunts, warfare, and spiritual life on rock by painting and carving, drew on bark scrolls and animal hides, and kept tallies on wooden slabs and notched sticks. Native allies of the French helped explorers such as Samuel de Champlain to draft maps. On the Pacific shore, cedar totem poles carved with crests announced the ancestry of family or clan, while in eastern North America ... ...

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