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date: 08 December 2023

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries 

The Oxford Companion to the Book
Charlotte AppelCharlotte Appel, Karen Skovgaard-PetersenKaren Skovgaard-Petersen

1 Introduction

2 The Middle Ages

3 1500–1800

4 1800–2000

When surveying the history of the book in the Nordic countries, a balance needs to be struck between the region as a whole and its individual countries (Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands). Among the most important unifying factors is language. Swedish, Danish, and Norwegian are closely related and still mutually intelligible, whereas Icelandic and Faroese have stayed closer to Old Norse. Finnish belongs to a different language group (Finno-Ugric), as do the Sami languages, spoken in the north of the Scandinavian peninsula. Greenlandic is an Inuit language. Many people in the outer regions have also been able to communicate in Swedish, Norwegian, or Danish.... ...

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