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date: 02 March 2024


The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Gordon Campbell

The term ‘Antichrist’ (ἀντιχριστος) first appears in the Epistles of John (1 John 2: 18, 22; 4: 3; 2 John 7), and is used to describe the prince of Christ's enemies. Early exegetes identified the Antichrist with the Beast of the Book of Revelation. The number of the beast, according to Revelation 13 : 18, was 666 or, in some manuscripts, 616. In both Greek and Hebrew each character in the alphabet represented a number as well as a letter, and so every name could be represented by the arithmetical sum of its letters. This calculation led to an identification of the Antichrist with the ... ...

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