The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 17 August 2022

Clement of Alexandria (c. 150–c. 215 CE),  

Dictionary of African Biography
annewies van den hoekannewies van den hoek

Christian philosopher, lived and taught in Alexandria toward the end of the second century. In spite of his topographic nickname, Clement did not originate in Alexandria but was born elsewhere, possibly in Athens, and was of non-Christian origin. He left a considerable body of writing, not all of which survives. His official name, Titus Flavius Clemens, may indicate that his family descended from a freedman of the household of (T.) Flavius Clemens, who was consul in 95 CE. Before coming to Alexandria, Clement traveled around looking for mentors, but the only teacher whom he mentions by name is Pantaenus. According to Eusebius Pantaenus headed a school of sacred learning in Alexandria and Clement was his successor. Other information indicates that Clement left Alexandria in 202–203, perhaps to avoid persecution. He may have gone to Palestine, as some have argued, or to Cappadocia, as tradition has it. Clement displays a keen interest in literature, whether Greek, Jewish, or Christian. From his elegant style and the content of his discourses, it is also clear that both he and his readers must have been members of a highly literate elite.... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.