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date: 06 October 2022

Hunter-Gatherers 

Source:
The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World
Author(s):
Thomas WidlokThomas Widlok, Thomas WidlokThomas Widlok

[This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of hunter-gatherers in Africa.]Hunter-gatherer societies, often considered to belong to the period of the Stone Age when all humans lived by hunting and gathering, are genuine phenomena of the modern world in two senses. First, modern societies have created their own self-image and such key notions as “progress” or “civilization” in reference and opposition to the notion of “hunter-gatherers”; the notion of “hunter-gatherer” is the prototypical counterimage of the premodern Other. Second, hunter-gatherer ways of life have persisted or reemerged throughout history as strategies successfully occupying niches in a broad spectrum of ecological zones and of larger economic systems.... ...

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