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date: 04 March 2024

Traditional Industries. 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World
Janet HunterJanet Hunter

The term “traditional industry” usually refers to the handicraft production methods of the preindustrial period and the continuation of such forms of manufacturing even during the growth of factory-based industrialization. Traditional manufacturing was labor-intensive and was carried out on a small scale within the family or a small workshop. In the preindustrial period, much production was undertaken by farm family members not fully employed by agricultural tasks. Traditional industry is often juxtaposed with modern factory production, which, starting with England in the mid-eighteenth century, epitomized the emergence of more capital-intensive forms of production, characterized by the application of technology and new forms of energy to large-scale production, often in urban areas, and by the employment of workers as wage laborers.... ...

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