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date: 12 April 2024


The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World
Johanna GranvilleJohanna Granville

Rugs are pieces of thick fabric woven to protect the body from cold, as well as to cover tables, walls, couches, beds, hearths, floors, and thrones. Although wool is the traditional choice, other fibers such as camel or goat hair, silk, cotton, or jute (an Indian plant fiber) can also be used. Some people use the words “rug” and “carpet” interchangeably, but “rug” will be used in this article. To those in the real estate industry, however, a carpet is larger than a rug, covers floors exclusively, and is tightly affixed to the floor, whereas a rug lies loosely. A kilim is a common form of flat, handwoven rug made by women in nomadic tribes and rural areas in Asia, central Europe, and northern Africa. Originally the artisan worked on a handloom consisting of two horizontal beams on which the warp (the vertical threads) was stretched. The basic weaving method consists in passing the crosswise threads of the weft (horizontal threads) under and over the lengthwise threads of the warp.... ...

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