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date: 15 April 2024


The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History
FloraEdouwaye S. KaplanFloraEdouwaye S. Kaplan, Anne WalthallAnne Walthall

This entry consists of two subentries:


Comparative History

Women monarchs appeared from time to time in fiefs, kingdoms, and empires over the millennia of human civilization. They differentiated themselves on the basis of rank, and often class and/or caste, and had specialized knowledge, performance skills, and other abilities. The societies in which they are found were generally large-scale, complex societies that were politically centralized and hierarchically organized. Known women monarchs in antiquity have come down to us in records and remains of societies that developed early writing systems (for example, hieroglyphics and cuneiform) and others that later developed alphabets (for instance, those used in Aramaic, Hebrew, and Arabic).... ...

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