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date: 12 April 2024


The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History
Maya J. GoldenbergMaya J. Goldenberg

The field of women's health recognizes the health of women to be determined not only by biological factors but also by the social, political, and economic contexts of women's lives. With both “sex” and “gender” under consideration, women's health research encompasses medical, social, and cultural studies. The term “women's health” is commonly taken to refer to health issues specific to human female anatomy—breasts and female genitalia—or to conditions caused by hormones specific to, or most prevalent in, women. By this account, women's health issues may be limited to reproductive issues such as menstruation, contraception, pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, and breast cancer. Yet many health issues have been shown to present themselves differently in women than in men, so the purview of women's health can be broadened to include such nonreproductive issues as nutrition, mental health, autoimmunity, and cardiovascular health.... ...

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