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date: 17 April 2024

Healing and Medicine 

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History
Sheryl McCurdySheryl McCurdy, Anne‐Emanuelle BirnAnne‐Emanuelle Birn, Sandra KendalSandra Kendal, Lisa Stern SlifkaLisa Stern Slifka, Cynthia A. ConnollyCynthia A. Connolly

This entry consists of three subentries:


Comparative History


As understandings of the human body evolved during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, so, too, did ideas about what specific food, drink, work, air, exercise, and rest is best for a particular body to be healthy. Ideas about when any of these things should be happening, with whom, where, how, and why have also evolved. Cultural and class-specific notions about women and their bodily capacities—related to the political, economic, and religious powers, concerns, and agendas in specific countries and regions of the world—influenced the ways women and men of different generations produced new practices over time. As peoples assimilated and contested existing and emerging scientific knowledge, they layered it alongside other practices as one more set of knowledge, rituals, and practices to add to their repertoire.... ...

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