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date: 15 April 2024


The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History
Uta PoigerUta Poiger

The peculiarities of German history—the imperative to explain Nazism (National Socialism), its historical roots, and its aftermath—necessarily affect any assessment of women in modern Germany. The question of whether Germany lacked a liberal tradition prompted scholars to investigate authoritarianism in nineteenth‐ and twentieth‐century German women's movements. However, many studies of gender relations in Germany have emphasized commonalities with other European societies in constructions of male and female citizens, and the role of women in the constitution of the bourgeoisie and the working class. Recent scholorship as provided new insights into how racism has shaped women's experiences in crucial phases of German history, including but not limited to the Third Reich.... ...

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