Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 17 April 2024

Female Life Cycle 

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History
Mollie L. EricksonMollie L. Erickson, Sara ScalengheSara Scalenghe, Nancy Rose HuntNancy Rose Hunt, Asunción LavrinAsunción Lavrin, Paul RoppPaul Ropp, Bonnie SmithBonnie Smith, Judith E. TuckerJudith E. Tucker

This entry consists of four subentries:


Menstruation and Menopause

Pregnancy and Childbirth


The female life cycle is influential in every culture and historical period. A female's fertility, interests, and capabilities affect how she interacts with her immediate environment. Gender roles, rigid or relaxed, are powerful from the very beginning of a woman's life. These roles can determine daily jobs, reproductive strategies, religious involvement, leadership opportunities, suggested clothing, and more.... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.