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date: 18 April 2024


The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History
Cornelia Butler FloraCornelia Butler Flora, Pam J. CrabtreePam J. Crabtree, Carolyn E. SachsCarolyn E. Sachs, Christine D. WorobecChristine D. Worobec

This entry consists of four subentries:


Early History

Methods of Farming


The economics of farming looks at access and control of the economic factors of production: land, labor, and capital. Over time, these have been increasingly privatized and separated. That separation has tended to lead to accumulation of control of the factors of production in the hands of fewer and fewer people and organizations, which increasingly tend to be corporations with male management. However, the process of global accumulation is complex, and women's economic role is not linear over time. Further, women's access to and control of other resources (natural, cultural, human, social, political, and financial) have to a degree balanced men's domination of agricultural production, distribution, and consumption. Who has access to and control of such resources in turn influences what is farmed, where it is farmed, how it is farmed, and who farms it.... ...

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