Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 May 2024


The Oxford Companion to United States History
Colleen A. DunlavyColleen A. Dunlavy

The railroad's basic principle—lessening the power needed to move objects over land by putting them on rails—had been used since the late eighteenth century, but the railroad took on its modern form in the late 1820s when steam locomotives came into use. English engineers established an early lead in this development, but Americans quickly caught up, often by visiting England to examine the latest innovations. By the 1830s, civil and military engineers such as ... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.