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date: 27 May 2024

Labor Movements. 

The Oxford Companion to United States History
Shelton StromquistShelton Stromquist

Protective organizations appeared among working people as early as the 1750s, well before the industrial revolution in the United States. By the first years of the nineteenth century, journeymen artisans organized independently of their masters to protect the prices for their work and their terms of employment and apprenticeship. For the first half of the century, however, prosecutions for conspiracy left such organizations on the legal margins. As the traditional master-journeymen relationship evolved into a more market-oriented association, journeymen ignited a period of intense labor organization and conflict.... ...

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