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date: 13 July 2024

Industrial Relations 

The Oxford Companion to United States History
Bruce E. KaufmanBruce E. Kaufman

is a term signifying both an academic field of study and a functional area of business practice. The focus of industrial relations (IR) in both the academic and business arenas is on the employer-employee relationship. In particular, IR specialists examine the causes of various kinds of employment problems and maladjustments and seek to discover and implement new ideas, institutions, policies, and practices that can resolve or ameliorate these problems. IR is thus a field of both study and practice, involving economic, political, legal, social, and psychological aspects of employment. Historically, IR specialists have emphasized applied problem-solving and concern for employee rights and interests.... ...

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