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date: 27 May 2024


The Oxford Companion to United States History
William H. BrackneyWilliam H. Brackney

In general, Baptists are evangelical Protestant Christians who hold to the authority of the Bible, the lordship of Jesus Christ, the independence of local congregations, the necessity of a conversion experience and a believer's baptism by immersion, and evangelism and missionary outreach. Most Baptists are at least mildly Calvinistic, but smaller groups uphold the theologically Arminian (freewill) position. The Baptist movement originated as a sect of dissenters in seventeenth-century England. The first Baptists emigrated to North America in the 1630s, settling mostly in ... ...

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