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date: 19 May 2024


The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States
Jeanne Campbell ReesmanJeanne Campbell Reesman, Michelle PoweMichelle Powe

is the belief that mortals communicate with departed souls, usually through a medium by means of physical phenomena or abnormal mental states, such as trances. Attempts to communicate with the dead and with disembodied spirits through such seances have long been made throughout the world, in Africa, Haiti, Mexico, and among Native Americans, for example. Yet spiritualist practices were virtually unknown in mainstream U.S. society until ... ...

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