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date: 28 May 2024

Weight Box, 

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium
Gary VikanGary Vikan

a low rectangular container (approximately 20 cm long) for flat weights and balance scales. Many specimens of 5th–7th-C. manufacture—some with their contents intact—have survived in Egypt, and a fragment of another was discovered in the early 7th-C. Yassi Ada shipwreck. Made of wood, they are usually fitted with a sliding lid secured with a lock. Inside is a removable deck with a variety of geometric sinkings to accommodate the various sizes and shapes of flat weights, as well as the pans and balance arm of the scale. More elaborate specimens may bear copper or ivory panels with floral or geometric motifs, or, in rare cases, figures. The cover most often shows a low-relief cross beneath an arch, much like those common on contemporary flat weights. Similarly, the most frequently encountered inscription, “Grace of God,” commonly appears also on flat weights. The Christian meaning is clear from 1 Corinthians 15:10 (“By the grace of God I am what I am…”): honest weighing and its resultant prosperity are gifts from God.... ...

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