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date: 21 April 2024


The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium
Sheila D. CampbellSheila D. Campbell, Anthony CutlerAnthony Cutler

(λιθάρια) in Byz. were used for jewelery, on horse fittings, weapon mounts and scabbards, and religious items, such as crosses and liturgical vessels; they could also be attached to textiles. All types of precious and semiprecious stones were used, the most common being carnelians, emeralds, sardonyx, jasper, haematite, lapis lazuli, amethysts, and rock crystal. Stones were used in their natural crystalline form wherever that occurred, polished or carved into ... ...

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