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date: 30 May 2024


The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium
Robert F. TaftRobert F. Taft

(εὑχαριστία, “thanksgiving”), principal Christian liturgical service, called the liturgy or the Divine Liturgy in Byz. usage. Based on Jesus' command (Lk 22:19) to repeat in memory of him what he did at the Last Supper, the Eucharist is first seen (in 1 Cor 10–11) as a ritual meal in which bread and wine are offered and blessed as Jesus' body and blood in memory of his saving work, esp. his sacrificial death (1 Cor 10:26). Originally celebrated in the context of an agape meal, perhaps daily, by the 2nd C. the Eucharist had been separated from the agape, joined to a service of scripture ... ...

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