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date: 14 June 2024


The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium
Omeljan PritsakOmeljan Pritsak

(Δανούβιος), ancient Istros, the most important river of central and southeastern Europe. The name Danoubios/Danoubis was being used already in late antiquity (Julian, pseudo-Kaisarios, Stephen of Byzantium), but it did not totally replace the classical Istros. The Danube rises in the Black Forest of Germany and empties into the Black Sea, forming a huge delta. Some of its right-bank tributaries (Sava, Drina, and Morava) connected Byz. territories with the Danube. The river is divided into three almost equal sections: the upper (down to Vienna), middle (to the Iron Gate, near Orşova, Rumania), and lower reaches.... ...

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